The Shortcrust Pastry Rules & Naturally Healthy Mince Pies

Dec 21, 2013 | Recipes

mince piesIt would not be Christmas without pastry. Pastry enables the wondrous things like mince pies to take place and where would we be without mince pies?

But pastry can cause people problems. Often too crumbly to dry or  perhaps a soggy bottom? Maybe you have tried in the past and failed and given up on being a pastry queen or king? Well luckily for you Jessica Brown is here to share her pastry tips with you, as she is indeed and tried and tested pastry queen. She has been making our families pastry enclosed goods for several now and they are awesome. The 50 mince pies she normally makes last about 3 days in our house (and people are surprised I was overweight…??!)

Todays recipe os how to make this traditional favourite in a more traditional, healthy way, using spelt flour and animal fat, both of which are much better alternative to white refined flour and vegetable oil!

So I shall hand over to Jessica who will share her tops tips (isn’t she awesome?)!


Pastry is not a complicated beast. Plus the taste difference from a shop brought mince pie/apple pie and a homemade one is huge! I dunno what the shops do to make the bases of their version, but it ain’t pastry!

Pastry is a wonderous thing you can make with flour water and butter/lard. Its cheap, can turn leftovers in fantastic pies and puds and in its natural form is brilliant, nutritious and full of good fats.

Follow some simple advice and your shortcrust pastry will be the talk of the family. Be WARNED your family will NEVER let you buy fakey pastry pies AGAIN. Its a cross I have to bear.

I have found Spelt Flour (a traditional, unprocessed, easily digestible and natural flour perfect if you have no gluten or wheat sensitivities) makes really good pastry for sweet or savoury dishes and is available in most big supermarkets. Wholemeal flour also works well but I prefer to stick it in savoury recipes as it does have added bite. 

I use shortcrust pastry for most things especially mince pies and it works as the base for most other pastry (rough puff etc)

The shortcrust pastry rules
1) Half fat to flour: what ever quantity you are making stick to this ratio. Some use all butter but for a lovely short texture half butter half good quality lard is unbeatable 

2) Cold hands, cold kitchen, ice cold water. Keeps the butter hard and a bigger change of temperature in the oven which is what makes it crisp and melt in the mouth…..mmmmm.

3)  Don’t bother with Sugar. It make no difference to taste in the end and makes the pastry difficult to work. If your filling is sweet you don’t need sugar in the base too and if the filling is savoury sweet pastry would just be weird.

4) Handle with care. Handle as little as you can get away with. Spelt and wholemeal will need more of a gentle knead than white flour because of the lower gluten content (kneading activates the gluten) but be careful overworked pastry becomes very hard and cardboardy.

5) Chill in fridge (if you can) before rolling.

6) Roll out, fill and Oven FAST, to keep the pastry cold.

Right I need to go and make 60 mince pies…..Told you pastry perfection was dangerous….


Just to prove to you that Spelt Flour flour is the perfect bleached flour alternative (and won’t have you family thinking you have turned into some ‘hippy baker’) just look at the picture below. Which ones are spelt mince pies and  which are made with normal white flour? Can you tell? I (Kezia) can’t either!!

Which is Spelt and which is normal white flour???

Which is made with spelt and which is normal white flour?


For mince pies use my mincemeat filling and cut the pastry into circles and top with star or circle shaped bits of pastry. Brush with a bit of beaten egg and cook for 20 mins. 

Happy Baking!

Spelt Shortcrust Pastry

Jessica Brown
A natural twist on the traditional shortcrust pastry using spelt flour.
Servings 38 portions


  • 300 g Organic Spelt Flour yields 38 mini pies with star tops less with solid tops
  • 150 g Fat 75g unsalted Organic Butter 75g Organic/Quality Lard
  • Ice Water or from the tap in scotland
  • Mincemeat or filling of choice.


  • Rub the fat into the flour using the tips of your fingers till it looks like bread crumbs.
  • SLOWLY add in the water mixing with a knife till it starts to lump together large lumps.
  • Turn out onto a lightly floured surface and bring it together to form a smooth dough .
  • Chill for 30min.
  • Roll out, cut and fill with what ever your desire.
  • Cook at 180c until the pastry is evenly brown.


Before cooking brush some beaten egg on top of you pastry creations and keep and eye on them in the oven.
Mince pies normally take around 20 mins to cook at 180c.

Gingerbread Mocha Recipe – Dairy & Sugar-Free

Gingerbread Mocha Recipe – Dairy & Sugar-Free

If you didn't know already I have a bit of a love-hate relationship with coffee.   I love it, my gut and body historically have hated it. But all in all, I am a total coffee snob and fiend.   And there is nothing that screams Christmas more than a SEASONAL...


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recipe Rating